As I would have guessed (and have observed in real life), most tech companies are (disproportionately, relative to the ethnic makeup of the United States) comprised of White males, especially in technical fields. Across the board (at Google, Twitter, Facebook, and Yahoo), only 1-2% of technical roles are filled by Black workers. One would think that under ideal circumstances, the workforce makeup would somewhat resemble the ethnic makeup of the United States. There is obviously a gap somewhere, whether it be societal barriers, education, achievement gaps, cultural issues, racism, access to resources, etc. I’m curious, for my Black brothers and sisters in tech that I have met (I do know quite a few), how do they differ, what did they do differently, how was their upbringing different that provided them the opportunity to work in technology, what decisions did they make, what barriers were or were not in their way? For myself, my path to a software engineering career resembled:
- Grew up in a relatively stable, middle class family
- Had a parent who works in Health IT
- Had a computer (first was an IBM PS/2) at home and was coding in Basic at a young age
- Had internet access (AOL)
- Each classroom (schools in NJ, NC, and Hawaii), from what I can remember, had at least one computer and a decent computer lab
- Enrolled in an engineering program (I didn’t get into NC State Engineering as a freshman, I actually needed to take a few extra classes, then I transferred in) and somehow graduated with a degree in Electrical & Computer Engineering
- Strong, close Black community at NC State, across majors and in Engineering
- Interned in tech (often through INROADS, this program has had a significant impact on my career)
- I have a genuine interest and passion in building things
With all that said, I have brothers and classmates who have had similar experiences growing up, but aren’t in tech all. There are others who’s experience was different and they are in tech (I’m sure there are some key similarities between their and my experience). I’m not a sociologist by any means, so I can’t speak to society at large. I can only hypothesize answers to some of the questions below:
- Is there a general lack of interest in tech (or STEM at large) in the black community?
- Are their societal barriers? If so, why? Why are some overcome? Why are some not overcome?
- Does access to good schools with computers and the internet play a role?
- How big of a role does a stable household and environment play?
- How big of a role does exposure to technology play (ie. parents or mentors in STEM, computers at home, etc.)?
- What role do technology companies have in all of this?
These are all questions (and I’m sure there are more) that I would really be interested in legitimately having an answer for. I’m excited that this discussion is happening and hope it’s the first step of many in increasing diversity in STEM because all things being equal, I believe a more diverse workforce is a better and more competitive workforce and makes for a healthier society.